How Federal, State, and Local Declarations Impact One Another

President Donald Trump declared the COVID-19 pandemic a national emergency pursuant to the National Emergencies Act, and specified provisions to provide federal aid to state and local governments.

When Texas Governor Greg Abbott declared a state of disaster, the executive order authorized the governor for the next 30 days, unless renewed, as the “commander in chief of state agencies, boards, and commissions having emergency responsibilities” and has complete authority to suspend certain state laws and regulations, access state funds, and request federal aid.

Mayors and county judges in North Texas have declared a local state of disaster and instituted emergency regulations, such as closing bars, entertainment venues, and in-restaurant dining.

It is important to note that if there are any conflicting county and city proclamations, the county supersedes.

For example, the City of Dallas and Dallas County both issued emergency regulations prohibiting dining in restaurants and closed bars, entertainment venues, and gyms etc; however, other cities within Dallas County that have not issued such restrictions must follow Dallas County’s regulations.