By Dave Moore, Staff Writer
The Chickasaw Nation engages in multiple business ventures that not only benefit the 13 counties that comprise the nation, but also serve to highlight the nation as an international destination for nature, culture, recreation, and entertainment. This member spotlight, in honor of the end of Native American Heritage Month, highlights the Chickasaw Nation’s increasing film and television production projects that illuminate lesser known stories in American history.
The youngest pilot ever in the history of the U.S. was a 13-year-old Chickasaw girl.
The Chickasaw tribe broke the French hammerlock on Mississippi River traffic in the early 1700s, setting the stage for English colonization of what would become the United States that we know today.
These little-known points in the American timeline are – incrementally – coming alive on screen through the backing of the Chickasaw Nation, which is creating increasingly ambitious film and television productions to entertain and educate both Middle America and Indigenous populations on the role Native Americans have played in world history.
“It takes knowledge and a special effort to represent First Americans accurately, which is why it is so important to have discussions with any tribe that a filmmaker may want to portray,” said Robyn Elliott, who oversees script development and budgeting and helps film production for the Chickasaw Nation. “There is amazing cultural diversity in the more than 500 federally recognized tribes in the United States. While tribal cultures were aggregated into a kind of homogenous Indian identity for decades in much of mainstream media, that is beginning to change.”
Elliott added that one way the Chickasaw Nation in setting the historical record straight is by including other tribes in their productions – including consulting with fellow nations to ensure they’re being portrayed accurately.
“That’s why we think it is so important to show very diverse cultures within Indian country,” she said. “Each tribe has its own culture. Has its own history. Has its own heroes and contributions. I think it’s important to recognize the true history.”
Finding those stories hasn’t been hard for the Chickasaw Nation, Elliott said. The first film series was based on the life of Eula “Pearl” Carter Scott, who, as referenced above, became the youngest pilot in the United States in 1929. The second film series – released in 2017 – focused on Te Ata, a Chickasaw woman whose storytelling abilities eventually led her to perform at the White House, and to form a friendship with Eleanor Roosevelt.
Chickasaw Nation’s governor, Bill Anoatubby, knew Pearl Carter Scott, Elliott said. The two had worked together for years in Chickasaw Nation government, where Scott had served as a legislative representative for three terms – and as a community health worker, in her second act in life. (Click here to view the full-length feature, called “Pearl.”)
The films about Te Ata and Scott tell the stories of the strong women they were, Elliott said. The films have also become learning laboratories for grade- and high-school students, who have been invited to watch the production and filming process, and who have studied the histories behind the films. (Click here to rent “Te Ata” on YouTube.)
Chickasaw Nation’s most recent release, “Montford: The Chickasaw Rancher” – which premiered on Netflix on Nov. 1 – tells the story of Montford Thomas Johnson, who battled discrimination to build a ranching operation that sprawled across central Oklahoma.
“These were living individuals, and it was important to us that there were Chickasaw people early on in the formation of Oklahoma and in the country that were contributing, active members of society,” Elliott said. “(People) who have helped shape the policies that have come into existence, and helped right some wrongs.”
The next chapter in Chickasaw filmmaking will look at one of the nation’s larger stories, Elliott said.
The film – which has a working title of “Ackia” – will look at the role the Chickasaw Nation played in driving the French from the central portion of what would one day become the United States.
“It’s a very large project,” Elliott said, adding that the production will recount the Chickasaw’s role in the battle that led to the French retreat from modern America. The tribe’s aforementioned blockade of traffic on the Mississippi River triggered a showdown with the French, who attempted to kill or enslave the Chickasaw people in retaliation.
Also in production is a film adaptation of the book “Chula the Fox,” the story of a Chickasaw boy who enters tribal warfare after an ambush takes the life of his father. “Chula” is printed through a Chickasaw Nation publishing house – White Dog Press.
And aside from print and film, the Chicksaw Nation also tells its stories through radio.
Gov. Bill Anoatubby said the cinematic means of storytelling falls well within the Chickasaw Nation’s strengths, and that “Montford,” about the rancher in Oklahoma, is the perfect vehicle to describe Chickasaw grit.
“Film production is part of our effort to tell the story of the Chickasaw people,” Gov. Anoatubby said. “We became involved in making movies because film is a great way to tell our own stories and illustrate the important role Chickasaw people have played in American history.”
“Montford Johnson’s story is also the story of the Chickasaw Nation,” Gov. Anoatubby said. “He went through tough times. He was able to stand up against adversities. He became a success, in spite of difficult times.”